Thursday, May 26, 2005

Jana Gana Mana

Our National Anthem



I found this in some message forum on the net. I copied it from there and slightly modified it.

Here are the complete five verses of our national anthem. Tagore wrote it in 1911. This song exhorts the greatness of our nation and in the process praises the God for this. We can call it a semi-religious song. Note that, here religious does not mean hinduism.

There has been a huge controversy surrounding this song accepted as our national anthem over more popular ones like Vande Mataram. It is a complex debate, and I won't like to give my opinion on that. Some right wing fundamentalists even went to the extent of accusing Tagore of writing this verse in praise of King George V. These were supplemented by the fact that Tagore himself never publicly, confronted the accusations, and the fact that liberal congressmen like Motilal Nehru actually sung this song for the first time when King George V visited India. However, Gurudev was privately upset over the reports, as he was by heart a nationalist. He could never even think of writing a poem to praise the emperor of Great Britain, and calling him the master of Indian's lives. Of course people who know even a little about Gurudev, never beleived these insinuations.



Controversy aside, it might not be the greatest poem by Tagore, and may not be the most patriotic song written in India, still it has the ability to make us feel proud of our country. And that is the sole motive of a national anthem.



About the music, it was Tagore himself, who composed it. Again, the simplicity of its tune is marvellous.

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Here it goes:





Jana-Gana-Mana



Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he, bharata bhagya vidhata

Punjab sindha gujarata maratha dravida utkala banga

Vindhya himachala yamuna ganga uchchhal jaladhi taranga

Tava shubha name jaage, tava shubha aashish maage gaahe tava jaya gaatha

Jana gana mangaladaayak jaya he, bharat bhagya vidhaata

Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya, jaya he



Ahraha tava ahvaan pracharita shuni tava udaar baani

Hindu baudhdhha shikh jain parasik musalmaan christaani

Purab pashchim aashe tava singhasana paashe premhaar haya gaantha

Jana gana oikya vidhayaka jaya he bharat bhagya vidhaata

Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya, jaya he



Patana abhyudhaya bandhura pantha yugey yugey dhavita yatri

Hey chirasarathi tava rathachakre mukharita patha dinratri

Daruna biplava maajhe tava shankhadhwani baaje, sankatadukkha traata

Jana gana patha parichayaka jaya he bharat bhagya vidhaata

Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya, jaya he



Ghoratimiraghan nibida nishithe peedita murchhita deshe

Jagrata chhilo tava avichala mangal natanayane animeshe

Duswapne aatanke, raksha karile anke snehamayi tumi maata

Jana gana dukkhatrayaka jaya he bharat bhagya vidhaata

Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya, jaya he



Raatri prabhatila, udrila rabhichhabi purba udayagiribhaale

Gaahe bihangama punya samiran nabajibana ras dhaale

Tava karunarunraage, nidrit bharat jaage tava charane nata maatha

Jaya jaya jaya he, jaya rajeshwar bharat bhagya vidhaata

Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya, jaya he

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